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Exercise programs benefit a wide range of long-term health problems, health data analysis shows

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Exercise programs benefit a wide range of long-term health problems, health data analysis shows

Evidence mapping bubble plot of exercise-based interventions for long-term conditions (LTCs). Y-axis: number of participants included in the selected systematic review. X-axis: categorization of the effect of exercise intervention. Credit: eClinical Medicine (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.eclinm.2024.102599

A new study of health data from the past two decades has highlighted the benefits of exercise programs for people with long-term health conditions.

Based on a comprehensive review of published evidence covering 39 different long-term conditions – and involving 990 randomized controlled trials and more than 900,000 patients – the study underlines the fundamental role of exercise in improving the well-being of people with long-term health. conditions.

Conducted by researchers from the University of Glasgow in collaboration with the University of Leicester, University of Birmingham, University of Exeter, University of Salford, University of York and Trinity College Dublin, the latest study published in eClinical Medicine.

Chronic diseases are one of the biggest challenges facing international healthcare systems, with almost half of the world’s population suffering from at least one long-term health problem.

Defined as conditions for which there is currently no known cure, long-term health problems are instead managed through a combination of medications and non-pharmaceutical treatments, including exercise programs.

Although medication can reduce symptoms, exercise programs have been shown to have an impact on people’s physical and mental health, with positive effects on cardiovascular and respiratory health, as well as mood and general well-being.

In this study, researchers found that participation in exercise programs leads to consistent improvements in exercise capacity and improved quality of life across a broad spectrum of 25 long-term conditions. However, some areas of uncertainty remained, including the impact of exercise programs on mortality and hospital admissions for people with long-term conditions.

Researchers say the study’s findings point to the need for healthcare services to adopt approaches that take into account the importance of targeted exercise interventions for people with one or more long-term health conditions.

Dr. Grace Dibben, lead researcher on the study from the University of Glasgow’s MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, said: “Nearly half of the world’s population lives with at least one long-term condition, resulting in substantial health and wellness problems. socio-economic burden.

“Our findings underscore the urgent need for healthcare systems to integrate exercise interventions into the management of long-term conditions, to better meet the diverse needs of individuals living with a broader range of long-term conditions.”

The study is part of the PERFORM program (Personalized Exercise-Rehabilitation For people with multiple long-term conditions (multimorbidity)), which aims to work together (with patients, caregivers, doctors and service commissioners) to develop a tailor-made program of personalized exercise therapy to develop. rehabilitation for people with multimorbidity.

The University of Leicester is coordinating this multi-centre study and Sally Singh, professor of pulmonary and cardiac rehabilitation, is the principal investigator together with Professor Rod Taylor from the University of Glasgow.

The researchers recently completed the feasibility study and the results will form the basis for the main randomized trial, which will start in September 2024 at 20 sites. Multiple long-term conditions are a key priority area of ​​the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR).

More information:
Grace O. Dibben et al, Evidence for exercise-based interventions in 45 different long-term conditions: an overview of systematic reviews, eClinical Medicine (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.eclinm.2024.102599

Provided by the University of Glasgow


Quote: Exercise programs benefit a wide range of long-term health problems, health data analysis shows (2024, April 30), retrieved May 2, 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-04-benefit- wide-range-term -health.html

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