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Study measures the effectiveness of policies to limit the burden of COVID-19




Study measures the effectiveness of policies to limit the burden of COVID-19

Overview of a national dashboard of state and territory COVID-19 policies targeting post-acute care settings The date filter allows daily selection of dates from March 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022. A slider is included below the date selection box for viewing policy progress during the pandemic. The healthcare facility filter consists of four check boxes, allowing you to select target healthcare facilities (general healthcare facilities, nursing homes, home health facilities, and both). Detailed definitions can be found in the eTable in Supplement 1. The COVID-19 burden parameter consists of five checkboxes, allowing the selection of five different categories of COVID-19 burden (cases and deaths) at community and nursing home levels . The policy type filter allows you to select five broad policy categories. The policy subtype filter contains 38 different subcategories that relate to the broader categories. On the map, the number of policies is indicated by a color gradient, ranging from the fewest (light gray) to the most (dark blue). The COVID-19 burden is shown as circles of varying sizes, with larger diameters indicating increasing severity. Circles are red if deaths were recorded during that period, green if there were no deaths and gray if no data were available. The central US map can be enlarged for easier viewing, while the 5 US territories remain a fixed size. Credit: JAMA network opened (2024). DOI: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.7683

In a new study published in JAMA network openedresearchers have a dataset and data visualization dashboard to evaluate the effectiveness of state and territory-level policies put in place to reduce the severity of the impact of COVID-19 on older people served by home care agencies and nursing homes.

The authors found that many policies within states and territories did not correspond to a reduction in the COVID-19 burden at the community or nursing home level (i.e. the number of cases and deaths). This suggests that the effectiveness of policies may depend on their implementation and compliance. The study also found that policies were less focused on home care agencies than on nursing homes, despite both agencies serving vulnerable older populations.

“This indicates a gap in public health planning, raising questions about resource allocation and prioritization in healthcare settings during the pandemic,” the paper said.

The research team, led by Patricia Stone, Ph.D., Centennial Professor of Health Policy at Columbia Nursing, conducted this study by first combining data on the Council of State Governments’ COVID-19 policies with data on the COVID -19-burden of the Center. for Medicare & Medicaid services. The team then used data visualization software to display the information. They were able to identify 1,400 policies across 50 states and five territories.

“Both tools can be used by policymakers and medical professionals to learn from the past and prepare for the future as we anticipate more public health crises. We also propose that these types of tools be made available during crises to ensure that decision-making is data-driven. driven,” says Stone.

Other authors of the study include Suning Zhao, MPH, Ashley M. Chastain, DrPH, Uduwanage G. Perera, Ph.D., and Jingjing Shang, Ph.D., all of Columbia Nursing’s Center of Health Policy; Laurent Glance, MD, Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative and Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester School of Medicine; and Andrew W. Dick, Ph.D., RAND Health, RAND Corporation.

More information:
Patricia W. Stone et al., State and territory nursing home and home care, COVID-19 policies and disease burden, JAMA network opened (2024). DOI: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.7683

Provided by Columbia University School of Nursing

Quote: Study measures the effectiveness of policies to reduce the burden of COVID-19 (2024, April 30), retrieved April 30, 2024 from burden-mitigation.html

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