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Women who experience major complications during pregnancy appear to have an increased risk of premature death years later

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Women who experience major complications during pregnancy appear to have an increased risk of premature death years later

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A team of medical researchers from the University of Texas Health Science Center in the US and Lund University in Sweden have discovered through an examination of vast amounts of health data that women who experience serious complications during pregnancy have an increased risk of premature death. for many years after they give birth.

These findings are published in the news JAMA Internal Medicine.

Previous research has shown that babies born to mothers who experience health complications, such as preeclampsia, are at higher risk of dying before, during and after birth. But little is known about the mothers’ long-term prospects.

In this new effort, the research team wondered whether experiencing serious problems while carrying and/or delivering a baby could have an impact on maternal mortality rates. To find out, they consulted the health records of 2.2 million women in Sweden who gave birth between 1973 and 2015. The database also included the health information of those same women as they grew older.

The researchers compared the prospects of women who had had serious health problems around the time of the birth of their child with women who had not given birth or who had given birth but did not experience any serious problems. They found that women who had problems had a higher mortality rate – for up to 40 years.

For example, they found that women who had gestational diabetes saw an increase in mortality of up to 53%, and women who had a premature birth saw a 41% increase. They also found that those who delivered smaller than average babies had a 30% increase. Those with blood disorders unrelated to preeclampsia and those with preeclampsia had increases of 27% and 13%, respectively.

The researchers took into account other issues that could affect the numbers, such as the environment and genetics, by including siblings in their study. They also found that the increased mortality rates persisted into old age for some women.

The research team concludes that doctors should take pregnancy complications into account when assessing the health of their patients. They also note that more research is needed to determine why such women are at increased risk of death.

More information:
Casey Crump et al., Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes and Long-term Mortality in Women, JAMA Internal Medicine (2024). DOI: 10.1001/jamainintermed.2024.0276

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Quote: Women who experience major complications during pregnancy appear to have an increased risk of premature death years later (2024, April 16), retrieved April 16, 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-04-women- major-complications-pregnancy -early.html

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